Flag Hoisting In India
“Under this flag, there is no
difference between a prince and a peasant, between the rich and the poor,
man and women."
-- Mrs. Sarojini Naidu
Preamble of the
Flag Code of India says that:
The significance of the colours and the chakra in
the National Flag was
amply described by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan in the Constituent Assembly which
unanimously adopted the National Flag. Dr. S.
Radhakrishnan explained -
or the saffron colour denotes renunciation of disinterestedness. Our leaders
must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work."
"The white in the centre is light, the path of
truth to guide our conduct."
"The green shows our relation to soil, our relation to
the plant life here on which all other life depends."
"The Ashoka Wheel in
the centre of the
white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought
to be the controlling principles of those who work under this flag. Again, the
wheel denotes motion. There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement.
India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel
represents the dynamism of a peaceful change."
On 15 August 1947 India and Pakistan were created. India adopted the tricolour
of orange, white, and green with a blue Ashoka Chakra at
the centre. Unofficially this tricolour had been the flag of the Indian
National Congress. The orange colour represented Hinduism, the green colour -
Islam and the white colour represented peace. There was a blue spinning wheel in
the centre, which represented Gandhiji's call for
economic self-sufficiency through hand spinning.
Prime Minister of India hoists the flag and pays his homage to the freedom
fighters and addresses the Nation. Children are brimming with enthusiasm on this
day. Early in the morning, they attend the flag hoisting ceremony in their
schools. They sing patriotic songs and present skits and dramas based on the
This special day revives in us the nationalist spirit. There are celebrations
all over the country. We listen to patriotic songs, and there are assemblies all
over to salute the national flag. People watch the
colourful march-past of the local police or the military forces. In educational
institutions, the march-past is usually done by students and
the National Cadet Corps (NCC) cadets. Sweets are
distributed and free movie shows featuring Nationalistic and Patrotic movies are